This paper studies the communication of “voice” in shareholder activism. Using hand-collected data, I investigate how the use of investor presentations, among other communication strategies, affects the outcomes of proxy contests. Being the first to make presentations to investors increases the dissident's chance of winning by 60%. To understand this first-mover advantage, I examine the allocation of investor attention and variation in investor sophistication. The evidence is consistent with an explanation of limited investor attention. The findings highlight the role of communication in corporate governance.
- Investor presentation
- Proxy contest