Comparison of online and lab DGA methods for condition assessment of mineral and vegetable transformer oils

Zhongdong Wang, X Wang, X YI, S T Li, Z D Wang, J V Hinshaw, J Noakhes

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


    Transformers are one of the most critical and cost-intensive components in the electrical power system. Dissolved gas analysis ({DGA}) has been proven to be a reliable technique for diagnosis of incipient faults in oil-filled transformers. Traditionally, {DGA} is usually performed in laboratories using standardized methods. In the past decade, an increasing number of multi-gas online monitors have gradually become commercially available. However, it is still not clear whether the monitor readings are accurate and reliable and whether they agree with laboratory results. This raises additional concerns for the application of vegetable oils in power transformers in recent years. This paper comparatively studied the lab and online {DGA} results of a mineral oil and a vegetable oil under various faults, including thermal faults, partial discharge faults and sparking faults. The results show that online {DGA} results can be correlated with laboratory {DGA} results for hydrocarbon gases within an error of 30\%. However, gas leakage or air ingression might occur during the transport of oil samples for laboratory analysis. Therefore, oil samples should be analyzed as soon as sampled for laboratory analysis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCondition Monitoring and Diagnosis (CMD), 2012 International Conference on
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • air ingression
    • condition assessment
    • Conditioning assessment
    • condition monitoring
    • Conferences
    • Decision support systems
    • dissolved gas analysis
    • electrical power system
    • fault diagnosis
    • gas leakage
    • hydrocarbon gases
    • laboratory analysis
    • mineral oil
    • mineral transformer oils
    • multi-gas online monitors
    • oil-filled transformers
    • Online and lab DGA
    • partial discharge faults
    • power transformers
    • sparking faults
    • thermal faults
    • transformer oil
    • vegetable oil
    • vegetable oils
    • vegetable transformer oils


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