In this communication, a novel compact high gain composite right/left-handed (CRLH) based leaky-wave antenna (LWA) is presented at Ku band. A half-mode substrate-integrated waveguide incorporated with a suitably oriented complementary quad spiral resonator (CQSR) is used to achieve a CRLH LWA. The unit cell is realised by a CQSR in such a way that the orientation of spirals exhibits higher leakage loss having a minimum cross coupling between them. The antenna is capable of scanning backward to forward along with a broadside direction in visible space. The proposed configuration has a length of 4.85 λ 0 which can scan within the frequency range of 13.5-17.8 GHz having a beam scanning range of 86° (-66° to 20°) and a maximum gain of 16 dBi. The simulated reflection coefficient of the proposed antenna is below -10 dB throughout the working frequency range with a side-lobe level of below -10 dB. The designed prototype is more compact in nature having high gain, fair scanning range, and good cross-polarisation level along with simpler design methodology and tuning capability to enhance the gain as well as radiation efficiency maintaining a fixed size. The proposed antenna could be a promising candidate in Ku-band applications like fixed satellite services, and broadcast satellite services etc.
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- National Graphene Institute