Conceptual models of health behavior: Research in the emergency care settings

Edwin D. Boudreaux, Rita Cydulka, Beth Bock, Belinda Borrelli, Steven L. Bernstein

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This article provides recommendations for incorporating conceptual models of health behavior change into research conducted in emergency care settings. The authors drafted a set of preliminary recommendations, which were reviewed and discussed by a panel of experienced investigators attending the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference. The original recommendations were expanded and refined based on their input. This article reports the final recommendations. Three recommendations were made: 1) research conducted in emergency care settings that focuses on health behaviors should be grounded in formal conceptual models, 2) investigators should clearly operationalize their outcomes of interest, and 3) expected relations between theoretical constructs and outcomes should be made explicit prior to initiating a study. A priori hypothesis generation grounded in conceptual models of health behavior, followed by empirical validation of these hypotheses, is needed to improve preventive and public health-related interventions in emergency care settings. © 2009 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1120-1123
    Number of pages3
    JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009


    • Health behavior
    • Models
    • Public health
    • Research design
    • Theoretical


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