Conformational changes in IgE contribute to its uniquely slow dissociation rate from receptor FcIRI

Mary D. Holdom, Anna M. Davies, Joanne E. Nettleship, Sarah C. Bagby, Balvinder Dhaliwal, Enrico Girardi, James Hunt, Hannah J. Gould, Andrew J. Beavil, James M. McDonnell, Ray J. Owens, Brian J. Sutton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Among antibody classes, IgE has a uniquely slow dissociation rate from, and high affinity for, its cell surface receptor FcI RI. We show the structural basis for these key determinants of the ability of IgE to mediate allergic hypersensitivity through the 3.4-Ã.-resolution crystal structure of human IgE-Fc (consisting of the CI 2, CI 3 and CI 4 domains) bound to the extracellular domains of the FcI RI Î ± chain. Comparison with the structure of free IgE-Fc (reported here at a resolution of 1.9 Ã.) shows that the antibody, which has a compact, bent structure before receptor engagement, becomes even more acutely bent in the complex. Thermodynamic analysis indicates that the interaction is entropically driven, which explains how the noncontacting CI 2 domains, in place of the flexible hinge region of IgG antibodies, contribute together with the conformational changes to the unique binding properties of IgE. © 2011 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)571-576
    Number of pages5
    JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2011


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