Congenital malformations associated with anencephaly and iniencephaly

T. J. David, A. Nixon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The necropsy reports of 294 cases of anencephaly and 50 cases of iniencephaly have been examined, and a tabulated list of associated malformations produced. Cases were divided by sex and the presence or absence of spina bifida. Forty one percent of the series had other malformations, and other malformations were more common in those cases with spina bifida than in those without. The most frequent single malformations were: hydronephrosis (8%), cleft palate (8%), diaphragmatic hernia (5%), exomphalos (5%), hare lip (4%), and horseshoe kidney (4%). It is suggested that the presence of other malformations in anencephaly or iniencephaly may imply some aetiological heterogeneity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)263-265
    Number of pages2
    JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1976


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