Constraints on wide-band radiative changes after a glitch in PSR J1452–6036

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Abstract

We present high-sensitivity, wide-band observations (704-4032 MHz) of the young to middle-aged radio pulsar J1452-6036, taken at multiple epochs before and, serendipitously, shortly after a glitch occurred on 2019 April 27. We obtained the data using the new ultra-wide-bandwidth low-frequency (UWL) receiver at the Parkes radio telescope, and we used Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques to estimate the glitch parameters robustly. The data from our third observing session began 3 h after the best-fitting glitch epoch, which we constrained to within ∼4 min. The glitch was of intermediate size, with a fractional change in spin frequency of 270.52(3) × 10-9. We measured no significant change in spin-down rate and found no evidence for rapidly decaying glitch components. We systematically investigated whether the glitch affected any radiative parameters of the pulsar and found that its spectral index, spectral shape, polarization fractions, and rotation measure stayed constant within the uncertainties across the glitch epoch. However, its pulse-averaged flux density increased significantly by about 10 per cent in the post-glitch epoch and decayed slightly before our fourth observation a day later. We show that the increase was unlikely caused by calibration issues. While we cannot exclude that it was due to refractive interstellar scintillation, it is hard to reconcile with refractive effects. The chance coincidence probability of the flux density increase and the glitch event is low. Finally, we present the evolution of the pulsar's pulse profile across the band. The morphology of its polarimetric pulse profile stayed unaffected to a precision of better than 2 per cent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume504
Issue number1
Early online date22 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • methods: data analysis
  • pulsars: general
  • pulsars: individual: PSR J1452-6036
  • radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

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