Contrasting mechanisms of peat formation between blanket and raised bogs

Stephan Glatzel, Fred Worrall, Ian Boothroyd, Simon Drollinger, Gareth Clay

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Worrall et al. (2016, 2017, 2018) have determined the processes of organic matter transfer, transition and peatformation through and into a blanket bog at Moor House, UK (N54:41:18, W2:22:45 – altitude 580 m asl; MAT5.8 deg C; rainfall 2012 mm/yr). These examinations indicated a transition from plant material to superficial anddeeper peat that became thermodynamically limited around 40 cm depth with a continuous increase in the degreeof unsaturation of the organic matter. However, it is not clear whether the same processes observed at Moor Houseare ultimately a universal pattern of peat formation and organic matter transitions or are site–specific. Therefore,to test theories developed at Moor House, peat formation and organic matter transitions were examined at acontinental raised bog (Pürgschachen Moor, Austria, N47:34:53, E14:20:48 – altitude 632 m asl; MAT 7.3 deg C;rainfall 1248 mm/yr).To test our developed theories the following were sampled: vegetation (Sphagnum, cotton grass and pine);dissolved organic carbon (DOC); and peat samples between 0 and 100 cm depth. Samples were dried, ground, andanalysed by elemental analysis (for CHN and O), bomb calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis.Results show that the pattern of a continuously rising degree of unsaturation from superficial to deeper peatdoes not prevail at the raised bog. At Pürgschachen Moor, the degree of unsaturation does not change betweenvegetation and superficial and deeper peat. Furthermore, thermodynamic limitation at the raised bog occurs inthe top 10 cm of the peat profile. However, DOC at both sites show signs of strong alteration compared to peatsamples. DOC export is an important pathway at Moor House (blanket bog) but not at Pürgschachen Moor (raisedbog) in Austria. Therefore, we deduce that the immobile DOC and the lack of pore water movement lead to aclosed system and a rapid preservation of the peat in the raised bog. In contrast, mobile DOC and the fluvial exportpromotes a relatively open pore water system that drives further chemical reaction in the organic matter.Our research indicates that, depending on relief and rainfall, there are distinctly different pathways of peatformation in blanket bogs compared to raised bogs. Furthermore, this provides direct chemical evidence of whyhigh and static water tables preserve organic matter in raised bogs leading to higher relative carbon sequestrationrates.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
EventEGU General Assembly 2019 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 7 Apr 201912 Apr 2019
https://www.egu2019.eu/

Conference

ConferenceEGU General Assembly 2019
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period7/04/1912/04/19
Internet address

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  • University of Vienna

    Gareth Clay (Secondee)

    1 Jun 201830 Nov 2018

    Activity: External visiting positions or secondmentsVisiting an external academic institution

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