Contribution of interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein b to interleukin-1 actions in neuronal cells

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Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-1 is an important neuroimmunomodulator and a key mediator of inflammation during brain disorders. It acts on neuronal and glial cells via binding to the IL-1 type 1 receptor and IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP). More recently, a neuronal-specific isoform of IL-1RAcP, named IL-1RAcPb, has been identified. Our aim was to determine the role of IL-1RAcPb in IL-1 actions in neuronal and glial cells, and to further explore the signaling mechanisms of IL-1 in neurons. We found that IL-1RAcPb deletion had no effect on IL-1α- and IL-1β-induced activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 or IL-6 release in glial cultures, although IL-6 release in response to high IL-1α concentration (30 IU/ml) was significantly reduced. We identified the p38 kinase as a key signaling element in IL-1α- and IL-1β-induced IL-6 synthesis and release in neuronal cultures. IL-1RAcPb deletion had no effect on IL-1α- and IL-1β-induced IL-6 release in neurons, but significantly reduced IL-1α- but not IL-1β-induced p38 phosphorylation. Our data demonstrate that the p38 signaling pathway plays an important role in IL-1 actions in neurons, and that IL-1RAcP may regulate some, but not all, neuronal activities in response to IL-1α. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-230
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroSignals
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Glia
  • Interleukin-1
  • Interleukin-6
  • MAPK

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