Controlling the Diameters of Nanotubes Self-Assembled from Designed Peptide Bolaphiles

Yurong Zhao, Wei Yang, Dong Wang, Jiqian Wang, Zongyi Li, Xuzhi Hu, Stephen King, Sarah Rogers, Jian R. Lu, Hai Xu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Controlling the diameters of nanotubes represents a major challenge in nanostructures self-assembled from templating molecules. Here, two series of bolaform hexapeptides are designed, with Set I consisting of Ac-KI4K-NH2, Ac-KI3NleK-NH2, Ac-KI3LK-NH2 and Ac-KI3TleK-NH2, and Set II consisting of Ac-KI3VK-NH2, Ac-KI2V2K-NH2, Ac-KIV3K-NH2 and Ac-KV4K-NH2. In Set I, substitution for Ile in the C-terminal alters its side-chain branching, but the hydrophobicity is retained. In Set II, the substitution of Val for Ile leads to the decrease of hydrophobicity, but the side-chain β-branching is retained. The peptide bolaphiles tend to form long nanotubes, with the tube shell being composed of a peptide monolayer. Variation in core side-chain branching and hydrophobicity causes a steady shift of peptide nanotube diameters from more than one hundred to several nanometers, thereby achieving a reliable control over the underlying molecular self-assembling processes. Given the structural and functional roles of peptide tubes with varying dimensions in nature and in technological applications, this study exemplifies the predictive templating of nanostructures from short peptide self-assembly.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1703216
    JournalSmall
    Volume14
    Issue number12
    Early online date12 Feb 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2018

    Keywords

    • diameters
    • hydrophobic amino acids
    • nanotubes
    • peptide bolaphiles
    • self-assembly

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