Cooling System Design for Water and Wastewater Minimization

Jin Kuk Kim, Robin Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In this paper, new design methods will be developed aimed at reduction of cooling water makeup. Reduction in makeup will be achieved by introducing water recovery between wastewater-generating processes and cooling systems. Recognizing that wastewater before or after treatment can replace cooling water makeup, a new design option for the cooling systems will be suggested. As wastewater added to the recirculating cooling water can make the tower bottlenecked, cooling water reuse design can be combined with wastewater recovery. As reuse design of cooling systems allows the cooling tower to take wastewater as makeup, substituting makeup with wastewater can yield water savings, as well as aqueous emissions reduction without overloading the tower. A case study is presented to illustrate the new design methodology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)608-613
    Number of pages5
    JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
    Volume43
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2004

    Keywords

    • Steam (condensation and recycling of; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Cooling; Cooling towers; Cooling water; Design (cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Wastewater (minimization of; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Recycling (of wastewater; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Industrial process waters; Wastewater; Waters (reclaimed; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Wastewater treatment; Water purification (reclamation; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Wastewater treatment (recycling; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization); Wastewater treatment (reuse; cooling system design for water and wastewater minimization)

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