Cosmological baryonic and matter densities from 600 000 SDSS luminous red galaxies with photometric redshifts

Chris Blake, Adrian Collister, Sarah Bridle, Ofer Lahav

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We analyse MegaZ-LRG, a photometric-redshift catalogue of luminous red galaxies (LRGs) based on the imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) 4th Data Release. Mega Z-LRG, presented in a companion paper, contains > 106 photometric redshifts derived with ANNZ, an artificial neural network method, constrained by a spectroscopic subsample of ≈ 13 000 galaxies obtained by the 2dF-SDSS LRG and Quasar (2SLAQ) survey. The catalogue spans the redshift range 0.4 <z <0.7 with an rms redshift error σz ≈ 0.03(1 + z), covering 5914 deg2 to map out a total cosmic volume 2.5 h-3 Gpc3. In this study we use the most reliable 600000 photometric redshifts to measure the large-scale structure using two methods: (1) a spherical harmonic analysis in redshift slices, and (2) a direct re-construction of the spatial clustering pattern using Fourier techniques. We present the first cosmological parameter fits to galaxy angular power spectra from a photometric-redshift survey. Combining the redshift slices with appropriate covariances, we determine best-fitting values for the matter density Ωm and baryon density Ωb of Ωmh = 0.195 ± 0.023 and Ωb/ Ωm = 0.16 ± 0.036 (with the Hubble parameter h = 0.75 and scalar index of primordial fluctuations nscalar = 1 held fixed). These results are in agreement with and independent of the latest studies of the cosmic microwave background radiation, and their precision is comparable to analyses of contemporary spectroscopic-redshift surveys. We perform an extensive series of tests which conclude that our power spectrum measurements are robust against potential systematic photometric errors in the catalogue. We conclude that photometric-redshift surveys are competitive with spectroscopic surveys for measuring cosmological parameters in the simplest 'vanilla' models. Future deep imaging surveys have great potential for further improvement, provided that systematic errors can be controlled. © 2007 RAS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1527-1548
    Number of pages21
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume374
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

    Keywords

    • Cosmological parameters
    • Large-scale structure of Universe
    • Surveys

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