Coupled use of COSPEC and satellite measurements to define the volumetric balance during effusive eruptions at Mt. Etna, Italy

A M Steffke, A J L Harris, M Burton, T Caltabiano, G G Salerno

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Using Etna as a case study location, we examine the balance between the volume of magma supplied to the shallow volcanic system (using ground-based SO2 data) and the volume erupted (using satellite thermal data). We do this for three eruptions of Mt. Etna (Italy) during 2002 to 2006. We find that, during the three eruptions, 2.3 x 10(7) m(3) or 24% of the degassed volume remained unerupted. However, variations in the degree of partitioning between supplied (V-supply) and erupted (V-erupt) magma occur within individual eruptions over the time scales of days. Consequently, we define and quantify three types of partitioning. In the first case, V-supplyV-erup,, i.e. less lava is erupted than is supplied. In such a case, magma can erupt in an explosive manner, as occurred during Phase II of the 2002-2003 eruption, or remain within or below the edifice. In the third case, V-supply = V-erupt, i.e. all supplied magma is erupted. During 2002-2006, over a total of 280 days of eruptive activity, this balancing case applied to 50% of the time. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)47-53
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
    Volume205
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • etna
    • thermal remote sensing
    • so2
    • flux
    • mass balance
    • effusive eruptions
    • mount-etna
    • kilauea volcano
    • resolution
    • gravity
    • complex
    • storage
    • hawaii
    • chile

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Coupled use of COSPEC and satellite measurements to define the volumetric balance during effusive eruptions at Mt. Etna, Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this