Creature Comforts at Vindolanda: Two Unique Wool Mats with Knotted Pile

John Peter Wild, Penelope Walton Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fragments of two robust wool textiles with an unusual knotted blue pile were recovered from a Period I (late Flavian) fort ditch at Vindolanda. Their knotted structure — unknown hitherto in the western Roman provinces and only partially paralleled in the eastern — is discussed, together with questions about their possible production centre and actual function. The Supplementary Material available online ( contains technical details of the textiles, an investigation of the raw materials and a comparison of the wools used.

Original languageEnglish
Early online date5 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • fleece-type
  • Ghiordes knot
  • Roman textile
  • sleeping mat
  • Vindolanda
  • woad
  • wool


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