Crystal structure and growth mechanism of unusually long fullerene (C 60) nanowires

Junfeng Geng, Wuzong Zhou, Paul Skelton, Wenbo Yue, Ian A. Kinloch, Alan H. Windle, Brian F G Johnson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Exceptionally long C60 nanowires, with a length to width aspect ratio as large as 3000, are grown from a 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene solution of C60. They have been formed to possess a highly unusual morphology, with each nanowire being composed of two nanobelts joined along the growth direction to give a V-shaped cross section. The crystal structure of these nanowires is found to be orthorhombic, with the unit cell dimensions of a = 10.2 Å, b = 20.5 Å, and c = 25.6 Å. Structural and compositional analyses enable us to explain the observed geometry with an anisotropic molecular packing mechanism that has not been observed previously in C 60 crystal studies. The nanowires have been observed to be able to transform into carbon nanofibers following high-temperature treatment, but the original V-shaped morphology can be kept unchanged in the transition. A model for the nanowire morphology based upon the solvent-C60 interactions and preferential growth directions is proposed, and potentially it could be extended for use to grow different types of fullerene nanowires. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2527-2534
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Volume130
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2008

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