BACKGROUND: Cancer risk following long-term exposure to systemic immunomodulatory therapies in psoriasis patients is possible.
OBJECTIVES: To assess a dose-response relationship between cumulative length of exposure to biologic therapy and risk of cancer.
METHODS: Four national studies (a healthcare database from Israel, and prospective cohorts form Italy, Spain and UK/ROI) collaborating through Psonet (European Registry of Psoriasis) participated in these nested case-control studies, including nearly 60.000 person-years of observation. Cases were patients who developed an incident cancer. Patients with previous cancers and benign or in-situ tumours were excluded. Four cancer-free controls were matched to each case on year of birth, gender, geographic area, and registration year. Follow-up for controls was censored at the date of cancer diagnosis for the matched case. Conditional logistic regression was performed by each registry. Results were pooled using random effects meta-analysis.
RESULTS: 728 cases and 2671 controls were identified. After matching, differences between cases and controls were present for the Charlson comorbidity index in all three registries, and in the prevalence of previous exposure to psoralen-ultraviolet-A (PUVA) and smoking (BADBIR only). The risk of first cancers was not significantly associated with cumulative exposure to biologics (adjusted odds ratio per year of exposure 1.02; 95%CI 0.92, 1.13). Results were similar if squamous and basal cell carcinomas were included in the outcome.
CONCLUSION: Cumulative length of exposure to biologic therapies of psoriasis patients in real-world clinical practice does not appear to be linked to a higher risk of cancer after several years of use.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Early online date3 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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