Cyclic Ion Mobility for Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange-Mass Spectrometry Applications

Damon Griffiths, Malcolm Anderson, Keith Richardson, Satomi Inaba-Inoue, William J. Allen, Ian Collinson, Konstantinos Beis, Michael Morris, Kevin Giles, Argyris Politis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hydrogen/deuterium exchange-mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) has emerged as a powerful tool to probe protein dynamics. As a bottom-up technique, HDX-MS provides information at peptide-level resolution, allowing structural localization of dynamic changes. Consequently, the HDX-MS data quality is largely determined by the number of peptides that are identified and monitored after deuteration. Integration of ion mobility (IM) into HDX-MS workflows has been shown to increase the data quality by providing an orthogonal mode of peptide ion separation in the gas phase. This is of critical importance for challenging targets such as integral membrane proteins (IMPs), which often suffer from low sequence coverage or redundancy in HDX-MS analyses. The increasing complexity of samples being investigated by HDX-MS, such as membrane mimetic reconstituted and in vivo IMPs, has generated need for instrumentation with greater resolving power. Recently, Giles et al. developed cyclic ion mobility (cIM), an IM device with racetrack geometry that enables scalable, multipass IM separations. Using one-pass and multipass cIM routines, we use the recently commercialized SELECT SERIES Cyclic IM spectrometer for HDX-MS analyses of four detergent solubilized IMP samples and report its enhanced performance. Furthermore, we develop a novel processing strategy capable of better handling multipass cIM data. Interestingly, use of one-pass and multipass cIM routines produced unique peptide populations, with their combined peptide output being 31 to 222% higher than previous generation SYNAPT G2-Si instrumentation. Thus, we propose a novel HDX-MS workflow with integrated cIM that has the potential to enable the analysis of more complex systems with greater accuracy and speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5869-5877
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume96
Issue number15
Early online date1 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Deuterium Exchange Measurement/methods
  • Deuterium/chemistry
  • Hydrogen Deuterium Exchange-Mass Spectrometry/methods
  • Peptides/chemistry

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