Death receptor ligation triggers membrane scrambling between Golgi and mitochondria

S. Ouasti, P. Matarrese, R. Paddon, R. Khosravi-Far, M. Sorice, A. Tinari, W. Malorni, M. Degli Esposti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Subcellular organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi complex are involved in the progression of the cell death programme. We report here that soon after ligation of Fas (CD95/Apo1) in type II cells, elements of the Golgi complex intermix with mitochondria. This mixing follows centrifugal dispersal of secretory membranes and reflects a global alteration of membrane traffic. Activation of apical caspases is instrumental for promoting the dispersal of secretory organelles, since caspase inhibition blocks the outward movement of Golgi-related endomembranes and reduces their mixing with mitochondria. Caspase inhibition also blocks the FasL-induced secretion of intracellular proteases from lysosomal compartments, outlining a novel aspect of death receptor signalling via apical caspases. Thus, our work unveils that Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis induces scrambling of mitochondrial and secretory organelles via a global alteration of membrane traffic that is modulated by apical caspases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)453-461
    Number of pages8
    JournalCell Death and Differentiation
    Volume14
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

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