Decision fusion in mobile wireless sensor networks using cooperative multiple symbol differential space time coding

M.A. Al-Jarrah, R. Al-Jarrah, N. Al-Ababneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this article, we propose a cooperative scheme for differential space-time codes (DSTCs) to be applied for mobile wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in order to mitigate multipath fading effect. We assume that sensors make independent local decisions about the existing hypothesis and report their decisions to a fusion center, where the final decision is made. Sensors are divided into groups with two sensors each, where sensors in each pair cooperate to send their decisions as a DSTC. Differential modulation scheme, which does not require knowledge of the instantaneous fading gains, is considered to avoid the channel estimation overhead at the cooperating sensors and the fusion center. Channels between sensors and the fusion center are assumed independent identically distributed (i.i.d) Rayleigh fading channels. Moreover, Jakes-Clarkes’ channel model is considered to model the mobility of sensors and/or the fusion center. Since the complexity of the optimal fusion rule grows up exponentially with the observation interval, suboptimal fusion rules are derived and discussed. Finally, simulation results of the proposed cooperative scheme are provided and the detection capabilities of the derived decision fusion rules are compared.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2017

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