Design of an 18 MW vortex flow water beam dump for 500 GeV electrons/positrons of an international linear collider

Polepalle Satyamurthy, Pravin Rai, Vikas Tiwari, Kiran Kulkarni, John Amann, Raymond G. Arnold, Dieter Walz, Andrei Seryi, Tristan Davenne, Ottone Caretta, Chris Densham, Robert B. Appleby

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    Abstract

    Beam dumps are essential components of any accelerator system. They are usually located at the end of the beam delivery systems and are designed to safely absorb and dissipate the particle energy. In the second stage of the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC), the electron and positron beams are accelerated to 500 GeV each (1 TeV total). Each bunch will have 2×10 10 electrons/positrons, and 2820 bunches form one beam bunch train with time duration of 0.95 ms and 4 Hz frequency. The average beam power will be 18 MW with a peak power of 4.5 GW. The FLUKA code was used to determine the power deposited by the beam at all critical locations. This data forms the input into the thermal hydraulic analysis CFD code for detailed flow and thermal evaluation. Both 2D and 3D flow analyses were carried out at all the critical regions to arrive at optimum geometry and flow parameters of the beam dump. The generation and propagation of pressure waves due to rapid deposition of heat has also been analyzed. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-81
    Number of pages14
    JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
    Volume679
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012

    Keywords

    • 18 MW beam power
    • 500 GeV electron/positron
    • Beam Dump
    • CFD analysis
    • International Linear Collider
    • Pressure waves
    • Primary coolant circuit
    • Radioactivity
    • Thermal design
    • Window cooling

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