Developing a core outcome set for interventions to improve discharge from mental health inpatient services: a survey, Delphi and consensus meeting with key stakeholder groups

Natasha Tyler, Nicola Wright, Justin Waring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective To develop a core set of outcomes to be used in all future studies into discharge from acute mental health services to increase homogeneity of outcome reporting.

Design We used a cross-sectional online survey with qualitative responses to derive a comprehensive list of outcomes, followed by two online Delphi rounds and a face-to-face consensus meeting.

Setting The setting the core outcome set applies to is acute adult mental health.

Participants Participants were recruited from five stakeholder groups: service users, families and carers, researchers, healthcare professionals and policymakers.

Interventions The core outcome set is intended for all interventions that aim to improve discharge from acute mental health services to the community.

Results Ninety-three participants in total completed the questionnaire, 69 in Delphi round 1 and 68 in round 2, with relatively even representation of groups. Eleven participants attended the consensus meeting. Service users, healthcare professionals, researchers, carers/families and end-users of research agreed on a four-item core outcome set: readmission, suicide completed, service user-reported psychological distress and quality of life.

Conclusion Implementation of the core outcome set in future trials research will provide a framework to achieve standardisation, facilitate selection of outcome measures, allow between-study comparisons and ultimately enhance the relevance of trial or research findings to healthcare professionals, researchers, policymakers and service users.
Original languageUndefined
JournalBMJ Open
Early online date12 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

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