Developing a patient safety guide for primary care: a co-design approach involving patients, carers and clinicians

Rebecca Morris, Angela Ruddock, Kay Gallacher, Carly Rolfe, Sally Giles, Stephen Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Patients and carers should be actively involved in patient safety and empowered to use person-centred approaches where they are asked to both identify safety concerns and partner in preventing them.
Objectives: The aim of this study to was to co-design a patient safety guide for primary care (PSG-PC) to support patients and carers to address key patient safety questions and identify key points where they can make their care safer. The objectives were to i) identify when and how patients and carers can be involved in primary care patient safety, and ii) identify the relevant information to include in the PSG-PC.
Design: An experience based co-design approach.
Setting and Participants: We conducted three workshops with patients, carers, community pharmacists and general practitioners to develop and refine the PSG-PC.
Participants identified both explicit and implicit issues of primary care patient safety especially relating to technical and relational components of involving patients and carers. The importance of communication, understanding roles and responsibilities, and developing partnerships between patients and healthcare providers were considered essential for actively involving patients in patient safety. Co-developing the PSG-PC provided insight to improve care to develop the PSG-PC.
The PSG-PC is the first guide to be developed for primary care, co-designed with patients, carers, general practitioners and pharmacists. The PSG-PC will support patients and carers to partner with healthcare professionals to improve patient safety addressing international and national priorities to continuously improve patient safety.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13143
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages7
JournalHealth expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Developing a patient safety guide for primary care: a co-design approach involving patients, carers and clinicians'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this