Developing sustainable urban development models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper focuses on four models of the relations between cities and their environmental hinterlands: these are self-reliance, redesigning the city, external dependency, and the equitable balance or Fair Shares city. Each model has value in pointing towards improved policies for the sustainable city, but none of them provides all the answers. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1997


  • Self-reliant cities
  • Sustainable cities
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Urban hinterlands


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