Development and performance analysis of a multi-functional algorithm for AC microgrids: Simultaneous power sharing, voltage support and islanding detection

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Abstract

A large part of the current microgrids (MGs) operate in grid-connected mode and act as slaves following the voltage and frequency dictated by the main grid. Therefore, these MGs are not expected to be operated in parallel as islands. Hence, according to the IEEE 1457-2018 standard, the power generation units in these grid-connected MGs (GCMGs) have to be disconnected in less than 2 s if islanding occurs. On the contrary, if the islanding operation (IO) does not occur, these MGs exchange power with the electrical grid. This paper explores the feasibility of a multi-functional algorithm (MA) for these GCMGs in an attempt to address three tasks simultaneously; (i) power sharing, (ii) voltage support and, (iii) islanding detection (ID). The MG object of study comprises an electronically interfaced photovoltaic (PV) unit supplemented by a battery energy storage system (BESS) equipped in combination with a bidirectional charger. The model of the GCMG has been implemented in MATLAB, where an extensive set of simulations has been performed. The results demonstrate the effectiveness and benefits of the proposed MA, which fulfils several functions all at once.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107341
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Volume135
Early online date13 Sept 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Distributed generation
  • Distribution networks
  • Microgrids
  • Smart grids

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