Development and Validation of the Multidimensional Motivational Climate Observation System

Nathan Smith, Damien Tessier, Yannis Tzioumakis, Eleanor Quested, Paul Appleton, Philippe Sarrazin, Athanasios Papaioannou, Joan L. Duda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-22
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • observed
  • coach behavior
  • achievement goal theory
  • self-determination theory
  • motivational climate
  • basic needs

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