Development of a process for the production of nutrient supplements for fermentations based on fungal autolysis

A. A. Koutinas, R. H. Wang, C. Webb

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This study verifies the potential of fungal autolysis as an alternative process for the production of nutrient-rich solutions similar to yeast extracts. Autolytic experiments were carried out on fermentation solids derived from either batch or continuous submerged cultivations of Aspergillus awamori on various wheat flour milling streams. The degree of autolysis was not affected by the pH range used (3-6.5), whereas it was severely affected by temperature (30-55°C), initial solids concentration (10-45 g/L) and incubation time. The enzymatic disruption of the fungal cell wall was identified by image analysis as well as by the reduction in total dry weight and the gradual release of various components, such as free amino nitrogen and phosphorus. The novel method of autolysate recycling enabled the enrichment of the solution with lytic enzymes leading to increased fungal cell degradation rates. In this way, it was made possible to reduce the initial total dry weight by 47% and produce a nutrient-rich solution containing 1.6 g/L free amino nitrogen, 5.3 g/L total nitrogen and 0.5 g/L phosphorus. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)629-638
    Number of pages9
    JournalEnzyme and Microbial Technology
    Issue number5-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005


    • Aspergillus awamori
    • Autolysate recycling
    • Fungal autolysis
    • Fungal extracts
    • Wheat flour


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