Ectopic foci originating from the pulmonary veins (PVs) have been suggested as the underlying cause for generating atrial arrhythmias that include atrial fibrillation (AF). Recent experimental findings indicate two types of PV cells: pacemaking and non-pacemaking. In this study, we have developed two mathematical models for human PV cardiomyocytes with and without pacemaking activities. The models were reconstructed by modifying an existing model of the human right atrium to incorporate extant experimental data on the electrical differences between the two cell types. Differences in their action potential (AP) profiles and automaticity were reproduced by the models, which can be attributed to the observed differences in the current densities of I(NCX), I(to), I(Na) and I(Ca-L), as well as the difference in the channel kinetics of I(Ca-L) and inclusion of the I(f) and I(Ca-T) currents in the pacemaking cells. The developed models provide a useful tool suitable for studying the substrates for generating AF.
|Journal||Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|