Developments in braided fabrics

P. Potluri, S. Nawaz

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    Braiding is a bias interlacement technique for creating rope-like structures. This chapter covers the basic concept of maypole braiding, in which yarn carriers rotate around a circular track similar to a maypole dance. Braid classification is presented in terms of 2D and 3D braids; biaxial and triaxial braids; circular and flat braids; diamond, regular and Hercules braids. Mandrel over-braiding is a convenient method for manufacturing flexible hoses as well as fibre-reinforced composites. Geometry of the braided structure in terms of braid angle and cover factor, as well as geometrical relations in a jammed state, has been presented. Applications for braiding in fibre-reinforced composites, flexible hoses, sporting goods, wiring harness and medical devices have been presented. The final part of this chapter discusses newer applications, such as air beams for inflated shelters and a large diameter airlock developed by NASA. © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSpecialist Yarn and Fabric Structures: Developments and Applications|Spec. Yarn and Fabr. Struct.: Dev. and Appl.
    Place of PublicationCambridge
    PublisherElsevier BV
    Number of pages20
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011


    • Braid angle
    • Cover factor
    • Mandrel over-braiding
    • Maypole braiding
    • Yarn carrier


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