Diagnostic Aspects of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Present and New Directions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose of review: Diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is important since many diseases have a similar appearance, but require different treatment. This review presents the well-established diagnostic criteria and new laboratory diagnostic approaches that have been evaluated for the diagnosis of this condition.
Recent findings: Respiratory fungal culture is insensitive for CPA diagnosis. There are many new tests available, especially new platforms to detect Aspergillus IgG. The most recent innovation is a lateral flow device, a point-of care test that can be used in resource-constrained settings. Chest radiographs without cavitation or pleural thickening have a 100% negative predictive value for chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis in the African setting.
Summary: Early diagnosis of CPA is important to avoid inappropriate treatment. It is our contention that these new diagnostics will transform the diagnosis of CPA and reduce the number of undiagnosed cases or cases with a late diagnosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Fungal Infection Reports
Issue number4
Early online date25 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis
  • Diagnostics
  • Serological test
  • Lateral flow device
  • Lateral flow assay
  • Resource-constrained settings


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