Diagonal recurrent neural networks for MDOF structural vibration control

Z. Q. Gu, S. O. Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to the development of theories and applications associated with structural vibration control. Integrating the nonlinear mapping ability with the dynamic evolution capability, diagonal recurrent neural network (DRNN) meets the needs of the demanding control requirements in increasingly complex dynamic systems because of its simple and recurrent architecture. This paper presents numerical studies of multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) structural vibration control based on the approach of the backpropagation algorithm to the DRNN control method. The controller's stability convergence and comparisons of the DRNN method with conventional control strategies are also examined. The numerical simulations show that the structural vibration responses of linear and nonlinear MDOF structures are reduced by between 78% and 86%, and between 52% and 80%, respectively, when they are subjected to El Centro, Kobe, Hachinohe, and Northridge earthquake processes. The numerical simulation show that the DRNN method outperforms conventional control strategies, which include linear quadratic regulator (LQR), linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) (based on the acceleration feedback), and pole placement by between 20% and 30% in the case of linear MDOF structures. For nonlinear MDOF structures, in which the conventional controllers are ineffective, the DRNN controller is still effective. However the level of reduction of the structural vibration response of nonlinear MDOF structures achievable is reduced by about 20% in comparison to the reductions achievable with linear MDOF structures. Copyright © 2008 by ASME.
Original languageEnglish
Article number061001
JournalJournal of Vibration and Acoustics, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008


  • Diagonal recurrent neural network
  • Diagonal recurrent neurocontroller
  • Diagonal recurrent neuroidentifier
  • Earthquake loading
  • Structural vibration control


Dive into the research topics of 'Diagonal recurrent neural networks for MDOF structural vibration control'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this