Dielectric anomalous response of water at 60 degrees C

Juan C. del Valle, Enrique Camarillo, Laura Martinez Maestro, Julio A. Gonzalo, Carmen Arago, Manuel Marques, Daniel Jaque, Gines Lifante, Jose Garcia Sole, Karla Santacruz-Gomez, Roberto C. Carrillo-Torres, Francisco Jaque

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Recently, the paraelectric response of water was investigated in the range 0–100 °C. It showed an almost perfect Curie–Weiss behaviour up to 60 °C, but a slight change in slope of 1/εd versus T at 60 °C was overlooked. In this work, we report optical extinction measurements on metallic (gold and silver) nanoparticles dispersed in water, annealed at various temperatures in the range from 20 to 90 °C. An anomalous response at 60 °C is clearly detectable, which we associate to a subtle structural transformation in the water molecules at that temperature. This water anomaly is also manifested by means of a blue shift in the longitudinal surface plasmon resonance of the metallic nanoparticles for the solutions annealed at temperatures higher than about 60 °C. A reanalysis of 1/εd (T) for water in the whole temperature range leads us to conclude that the water molecule undergoes a subtle transformation from a low temperature (0–60 °C) configuration with a dipole moment μ1 = 2.18 D (close to the molecular dipole moment of ice) to a high temperature (60–100 °C) configuration with μ2 = 1.87 D (identical to the molecular dipole moment in water vapour).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)683-690
    JournalPhilosophical Magazine
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2015


    • 60 degrees C
    • water


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