Dietary intake of vitamin D amongst UK adolescents

JJ See, L Edwards, MD Farrar, Richard Kift, Ann Webb, Jacqueline Berry, MZ Mughal, Lesley Rhodes

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    Abstract

    Vitamin D is important during the adolescent bone growth spurt, when approx 50% of bone mineral accrual occurs, influencing present and future bone health. Commonly known as the ‘sunshine vitamin’, vitamin D is predominately obtained through cutaneous synthesis after exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation in sunlight, whilst a smaller percentage is obtained via the diet. However, at northerly latitudes, UVB is scarce during the winter months, and there is little information focusing on the oral vitamin D intake of adolescents. The main objectives of this study were to estimate dietary vitamin D intake in UK white Caucasian adolescents, and to determine whether the values meet the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendation of 5 mg/day or the more recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidance of 15 mg/day. A further aim was to compare adolescent intake with that of previously collected data from an adult white Caucasian sample. This was a 1 year observational study of 124 healthy white Caucasian adolescents aged 12–15 years recruited from six schools in Greater Manchester. Adolescents completed a daily dietary record of seven vitamin D-containing food categories and intake of supplements for one week in each season and the average daily vitamin D intake data was estimated. The vitamin D content of foodstuffs was determined from the 6th edition of McCance and Widdowson’s The Composition of Foods and from food package labelling. Data were compared with those similarly obtained from the 4-season daily dietary records of an adult sample (20–60 years, n = 109 completed) in Greater Manchester. Adolescents (n = 110 completed) showed little variation in vitamin D intake across the seasons. Their overall median (range) intake was only 1.92 (0.01–22.15) mg/day compared with 3.27 (0.02–27.38) mg/day in adults (P
    Original languageEnglish
    PagesE246-E246
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013
    EventNutrition and Healthy Ageing - Newcastle, UK
    Duration: 15 Jul 201318 Jul 2013

    Conference

    ConferenceNutrition and Healthy Ageing
    CityNewcastle, UK
    Period15/07/1318/07/13

    Keywords

    • White Caucasian adolescent
    • Bone health
    • Dietary vitamin D

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