Differences in Clinical Features and Comorbid Burden between HLA-C∗06:02 Carrier Groups in >9,000 People with Psoriasis

BADBIR Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The identification of robust endotypes—disease subgroups of clinical relevance—is fundamental to stratified medicine. We hypothesized that HLA-C∗06:02 status, the major genetic determinant of psoriasis, defines a psoriasis endotype of clinical relevance. Using two United Kingdom–based cross-sectional datasets—an observational severe-psoriasis study (Biomarkers of Systemic Treatment Outcomes in Psoriasis; n = 3,767) and a large population-based bioresource (UK Biobank, including n = 5,519 individuals with psoriasis)—we compared demographic, environmental, and clinical variables of interest in HLA-C∗06:02–positive (one or two copies of the HLA-C∗06:02 allele) with those in HLA-C∗06:02‒negative (no copies) individuals of European ancestry. We used multivariable regression analyses to account for mediation effects established a priori. We confirm previous observations that HLA-C∗06:02–positive status is associated with earlier age of psoriasis onset and extend findings to reveal an association with disease expressivity in females (Biomarkers of Systemic Treatment Outcomes in Psoriasis: P = 2.7 × 10 –14, UK Biobank: P = 1.0 × 10 –8). We also show HLA-C∗06:02–negative status to be associated with characteristic clinical features (large plaque disease, OR for HLA-C∗06:02 = 0.73, P = 7.4 × 10 –4; nail involvement, OR = 0.70, P = 2.4 × 10 –6); higher central adiposity (Biomarkers of Systemic Treatment Outcomes in Psoriasis: waist circumference difference of 2.0 cm, P = 8.4 × 10 –4; UK Biobank: waist circumference difference of 1.4 cm, P = 1.5 × 10 –4), especially in women; and a higher prevalence of other cardiometabolic comorbidities. These findings extend the clinical phenotype delineated by HLA-C∗06:02 and highlight its potential as an important biomarker to consider in future multimarker stratified medicine approaches.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of investigative dermatology
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Differences in Clinical Features and Comorbid Burden between HLA-C∗06:02 Carrier Groups in >9,000 People with Psoriasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this