Different approaches to teaching civic and national identity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Mass schooling was first introduced in the 19th century for different reasons, including the expectation that it would fulfil two important political purposes. On the one hand, teachers were to educate citizens to become autonomous, independent thinkers (Biesta, 2006). Political education was expected to help learners to find their singular political perspectives. On the other, schooling was to contribute to cohesive and peaceful intra- state societies (Durkheim, 1956). Aligned with processes of nation- state building, schools were seen as key settings where children and young people could ‘acquire’ the national identity associated with their legal citizenship status (Sant et al, 2016).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWho’s Afraid of Political Education?
Subtitle of host publicationThe Challenge to Teach Civic Competence and Democratic Participation
PublisherPolicy Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781447366997
ISBN (Print)9781447366959
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


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