Differential regulation of mast cell degranulation versus cytokine secretion by the actin regulatory proteins Coronin1a and Coronin1b

Niko Föger, André Jenckel, Zane Orinska, Kyeong Hee Lee, Andrew C. Chan, Silvia Bulfone-Paus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Mast cell (MC) activation via aggregation of the high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) causes degranulation and release of proinflammatory mediators in a process that involves the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. However, the regulatory pathways and the molecular links between cytoskeletal changes and MC function are incompletely understood. In this study, we provide genetic evidence for a critical role of the actin-regulatory proteins Coronin1a (Coro1a) and Coro1b on exocytic pathways in MCs: Coro1a-/- bone marrow- derived MCs exhibit increased FcεRI-mediated degranulation of secretory lysosomes but significantly reduced secretion of cytokines. Hyperdegranulation of Coro1a-/- MCs is further augmented by the additional loss of Coro1b. In vivo, Coro1a-/-Coro1b-/- mice displayed enhanced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. Functional reconstitution assays revealed that the inhibitory effect of Coro1a on MC degranulation strictly correlates with cortical localization of Coro1a, requires its filamentous actin-binding activity, and is regulated by phosphorylation of Ser2 of Coro1a. Thus, coronin proteins, and in turn the actin cytoskeleton, exhibit a functional dichotomy as differential regulators of degranulation versus cytokine secretion in MC biology. © 2011 Föger et al.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1777-1787
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
    Volume208
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2011

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