Diffusion and concurrent solubility of self-adhering and new resin-matrix composites during water sorption/desorption cycles

Yong Jie Wei, Nick Silikas, Zhen Ting Zhang, David C. Watts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: To investigate the kinetic process of water diffusion and mass change in new resin-matrix composites during water sorption/desorption cycles. Methods: Five new resin-matrix composites were investigated [Filtek ® Silorane (FS), GC Gradia Direct Anterior (GDA), GC Gradia Direct Posterior (GDP), GC Kalore (GCK), Vertise® Flow (VF)]. Five disk-shaped specimens, per material (15.0 ± 0.1) mm diameter by (2.0 ± 0.1) mm, were prepared according to ISO 4049. Each disk was immersed separately in de-ionized water for 150 d and then reconditioned for 75 d; all at (37 ± 1) °C. Mass was measured at different time intervals. Perspex disks were used as control. Data analysis was done by repeated measures ANOVA, one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (p <0.05). Results: The water sorption (μg/mm3) after 150 d immersion ranged from 13.51 μg/mm3 (±0.40) for FS to 71.96 μg/mm3 (±0.90) for VF. The solubility ranged up to 16.95 μg/mm3 (±0.79) for VF. A significant mass reduction occurred in VF after the peak value [73.63 μg/mm3 (±0.31)] of water sorption was reached at 42 d. VF had the highest diffusion-coefficient for sorption: 5.23 × 10-9 cm2/s (±0.38) and desorption: 11.72 × 10-9 cm2/s (±0.16). Percentage sorption differences were significant for all materials (p <0.001), except between GCK and GDP. The early correlation between mass change and square root of time was linear. Significance: Each resin-matrix composite varied in sorption/desorption cycles which may affect clinical service. A concurrent solubility process occurred during sorption of the self-adhering composite VF. The silorane composite FS exhibited minimal sorption. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Academy of Dental Materials. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)197-205
    Number of pages8
    JournalDental Materials
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


    • Dental resin-matrix composites
    • Diffusion coefficient
    • DX-511
    • GPDM
    • Self-adhering
    • Silorane
    • Solubility
    • UDMA
    • Water sorption


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