Digitally balanced detection for optical tomography

Rehan Hafiz, Krikor B. Ozanyan

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    Analog balanced Photodetection has found extensive usage for sensing of a weak absorption signal buried in laser intensity noise. This paper proposes schemes for compact, affordable, and flexible digital implementation of the already established analog balanced detection, as part of a multichannel digital tomography system. Variants of digitally balanced detection (DBD) schemes, suitable for weak signals on a largely varying background or weakly varying envelopes of high frequency carrier waves, are introduced analytically and elaborated in terms of algorithmic and hardware flow. The DBD algorithms are implemented on a low-cost general purpose reconfigurable hardware (field-programmable gate array), utilizing less than half of its resources. The performance of the DBD schemes compare favorably with their analog counterpart: A common mode rejection ratio of 50 dB was observed over a bandwidth of 300 kHz, limited mainly by the host digital hardware. The close relationship between the DBD outputs and those of known analog balancing circuits is discussed in principle and shown experimentally in the example case of propane gas detection. ©2007 American Institute of Physics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number103101
    JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


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