Direct evidence of lipid translocation between adipocytes and prostate cancer cells with imaging FTIR microspectroscopy

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Abstract

Various epidemiological studies show a positive correlation between high intake of dietary FAs and metastatic prostate cancer (CaP). Moreover, CaP metastasizes to the bone marrow, which harbors a rich source of lipids stored within adipocytes. Here, we use Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy to study adipocyte biochemistry and to demonstrate that PC-3 cells uptake isotopically labeled FA [deuterated palmitic acid (D 31-PA)] from an adipocyte. Using this vibrational spectroscopic technique, we detected subcellular locations in a single adipocyte enriched with D31-PA using the υas+s(C-D)2+3 (D 31-PA): υas+s(C-H)2+3 (lipid hydrocarbon) signal. In addition, larger adipocytes were found to consist of a higher percentage of D31-PA of the total lipid found within the adipocyte. Following background subtraction, the υas+s(C-D)2+3 signal illuminated starved PC-3 cells cocultured with D31-PA-loaded adipocytes, indicating translocation of the labeled FA. This study demonstrates lipid-specific translocation between adipocytes and tumor cells and the use of FTIR microspectroscopy to characterize various biomolecular features of a single adipocyte without the requirement for cell isolation and lipid extraction. Copyright © 2007 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1846-1856
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Deuterated palmitic acid
  • Fatty acids
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
  • Tumor

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