Direct laser cladding of SiC dispersed AISI 316L stainless steel

Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Lin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study concerns development of SiC dispersed (5 and 20 wt%) AISI 316L stainless steel metal-matrix composites by direct laser cladding with a high power diode laser and evaluation of its mechanical properties (microhardness and wear resistance). A defect free and homogeneous composite layer is formed under optimum processing condition. The microstructure consists of partially dissociated SiC, Cr3C2 and Fe2Si in grain refined stainless steel matrix. The microhardness of the clad layer increases to a maximum of 340 VHN (for 5% SiC dispersed) and 800 VHN (for 20% SiC dispersed) as compared to 150 VHN of commercially available AISI 316L stainless steel. Direct laser clad SiC dispersed AISI 316L stainless steel has shown an improved wear resistance against diamond surface with a maximum improvement in 20% SiC dispersed AISI 316L stainless steel. The mechanism of wear was predominantly abrasive in nature. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-753
Number of pages3
JournalTribology International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2009


  • AISI 316L stainless steel
  • Direct laser cladding
  • Microhardness
  • Microstructure
  • Silicon carbide
  • Wear


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