Direct observation of long-lived isomers in Bi212

L. Chen, P. M. Walker, H. Geissel, Yu A. Litvinov, K. Beckert, P. Beller, F. Bosch, D. Boutin, L. Caceres, J. J. Carroll, D. M. Cullen, I. J. Cullen, B. Franzke, J. Gerl, M. Górska, G. A. Jones, A. Kishada, R. Knöbel, C. Kozhuharov, J. KurcewiczS. A. Litvinov, Z. Liu, S. Mandal, F. Montes, G. Münzenberg, F. Nolden, T. Ohtsubo, Z. Patyk, W. R. Plaß, Zs Podolyák, S. Rigby, N. Saito, T. Saito, C. Scheidenberger, E. C. Simpson, M. Shindo, M. Steck, B. Sun, S. J. Williams, H. Weick, M. Winkler, H. J. Wollersheim, T. Yamaguchi

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    Abstract

    Long-lived isomers in Bi212 have been studied following U238 projectile fragmentation at 670 MeV per nucleon. The fragmentation products were injected as highly charged ions into a storage ring, giving access to masses and half-lives. While the excitation energy of the first isomer of Bi212 was confirmed, the second isomer was observed at 1478(30) keV, in contrast to the previously accepted value of >1910 keV. It was also found to have an extended Lorentz-corrected in-ring half-life >30 min, compared to 7.0(3) min for the neutral atom. Both the energy and half-life differences can be understood as being due a substantial, though previously unrecognized, internal decay branch for neutral atoms. Earlier shell-model calculations are now found to give good agreement with the isomer excitation energy. Furthermore, these and new calculations predict the existence of states at slightly higher energy that could facilitate isomer deexcitation studies. © 2013 American Physical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number122502
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume110
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2013

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