Dissimilar friction stir welds in AA5083-AA6082: The effect of process parameters on residual stress

A. Steuwer, M. J. Peel, P. J. Withers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The effect of tool traverse and rotation speeds on the residual stresses are quantified for welds between non-age-hardening AA5083 and age-hardening AA6082 and compared to single alloy joints made from each of the two constituents. The residual stresses have been characterised non-destructively by neutron diffraction and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The region around the weld line was characterised by significant tensile residual stress fields which are balanced by compressive stresses in the parent material. The rotation speed of the tool has been found to have a substantially greater influence than the transverse speed on the properties and residual stresses in the welds, particularly on the AA5083 side where the location of the peak stress moves from the stir zone to beyond the edge of the tool shoulder. The changes in residual stress are related to microstructural and hardness changes as determined in a previous study [1,2]. In particular the larger stresses under the weld tool on the AA5083 side compared to the AA6082 side are related to a transient reduction in yield stress due to dissolution of the hardening precipitates during welding prior to natural aging after welding. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)187-196
    Number of pages9
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2006


    • Aluminium alloys
    • Dissimilar joints
    • Friction stir welding
    • Neutron diffraction
    • Residual stress
    • Stress partitioning
    • Synchrotron X-ray diffraction


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