Dissociating the facets of hope: Agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions

Adam W A Geraghty, Alex M. Wood, Michael E. Hyland

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Hope comprises two components: agency (" goal directed determination" ) and pathways (" planning of ways to meet goals" ). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N=247 entered, 136 completed). The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR=2.15, CI=1.27-3.64, p=.004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR=.47, CI=.29-.77, p=.003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome. Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)155-158
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of Research in Personality
    Volume44
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

    Keywords

    • Attrition
    • Gratitude
    • Hope
    • Intervention
    • Positive psychology
    • Self-help
    • Worry

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