Distinctiveness, typicality, and recollective experience in face recognition: A principal components analysis

Stephen A. Dewhurst, Dennis C. Hay, L. H V Wickham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In this study, participants rated previously unseen faces on six dimensions: familiarity, distinctiveness, attractiveness, memorability, typicality, and resemblance to a familiar person. The faces were then presented again in a recognition test in which participants assigned their positive recognition decisions to either remember (R), know (K), or guess categories. On all dimensions except typicality, faces that were categorized as R responses were associated with significantly higher ratings than were faces categorized as K responses. Study ratings for R and K responses were then subjected to a principal components analysis. The factor loadings suggested that R responses were influenced primarily by the distinctiveness of faces, but K responses were influenced by moderate ratings on all six dimensions. These findings indicate that the structural features of a face influence the subjective experience of recognition. Copyright 2005 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1032-1037
    Number of pages5
    JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
    Volume12
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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