Distributed Finite-Time Consensus Control for Heterogeneous Battery Energy Storage Systems in Droop-Controlled Microgrids

Junyan Hu, Alexander Lanzon

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel distributed finite-time control scheme for heterogeneous battery energy storage systems (BESSs) in droop-controlled microgrids. In contrast to the existing centralized methods, the proposed control strategy is fully distributed so that each BESS only requires its own information
and the information from its neighbors through a sparse communication network. Our novel consensus-based method is implemented to achieve energy level balancing, active/reactive power sharing, and voltage/frequency synchronization of energy storage devices by using inter-BESS communications, where both the heterogeneous nature of batteries and the hierarchical
control structure are taken into consideration. Furthermore, the proposed design is shown to improve the synchronization performance and exhibit more accurate robustness against timevarying communication topologies and load changes. Simulation results on a modified IEEE 57-bus power system are provided
to verify the effectiveness of the proposed consensus strategy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Early online date31 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Batteries
  • Battery energy storage systems
  • Energy states
  • Frequency control
  • Microgrids
  • Synchronization
  • Voltage control
  • distributed cooperative control
  • finite-time consensus
  • microgrid
  • multi-agent systems.

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