Transcriptional induction of the c-fos proto-oncogene in response to serum growth factors is mediated in part by a ternary complex that forms on the serum response element (SRE) within its promoter. This complex consists of Elk-1, serum response factor (SRF) and the SRE. Elk-1 is phosphorylated by MAP kinase, which correlates with the induction of c-fos transcription. In this study we have investigated the protein-induced DNA bending which occurs during the formation and post-translational modification of the ternary complex that forms at the c-fos SRE. Circular permutation analysis demonstrates that the minimal DNA-binding domain of SRF, which contains the MADS box, is sufficient to induce flexibility into the centre of its binding site within the SRE. Phasing analysis indicates that at least part of this flexibility results in the production of a directional bend towards the minor groove. The isolated ETS domains from Elk-1 and SAP-1 induce neither DNA bending nor increased DNA flexibility. Formation of ternary complexes by binding of Elk-1 to the binary SRF:SRE complex results in a change in the flexibility of the SRE. Phosphorylation of Elk-1 by MAP kinase (p42/ERK2) induces further minor changes in this DNA flexibility. However, phasing analysis reveals that the recruitment of Elk-1 to form the ternary complex affects the SRF-induced directional DNA bend in the SRE. The potential roles of DNA bending at the c-fos SRE are discussed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Nucleic acids research.|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|