Do emotional difficulties and peer problems occur together from childhood to adolescence? The case of children with a history of developmental language disorder (DLD)

Gina Conti-Ramsden, Pearl Mok, Kevin Durkin, Andrew Pickles, Umar Toseeb, Nicola Botting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Children and adolescents with developmental language disorder (DLD) are, overall, vulnerable to difficulties in emotional adjustment and in peer relations. However, previous research has shown that different subgroups follow different trajectories in respect of quality of peer relations. Less is known of the trajectories of emotional development. We consider here the possibility that development in these two domains is interrelated: that is, the trajectories of emotional and peer problems will proceed in parallel. We conducted longitudinal joint trajectories analyses of emotional and peer relations in a sample of young people identified as having DLD at age 7 years and seen at intervals up to 16 years. Potential influences on joint trajectory group membership were examined. Findings revealed five distinct joint trajectories. Emotional and peer difficulties do hew together from childhood to adolescence for just over half of the sample, but not all. The variables most clearly associated with group membership were pragmatic language ability, prosociality and parental mental health. This is the first study to examine joint longitudinal trajectories of emotional and peer difficulties in individuals with DLD. We demonstrate that development in individuals with DLD is heterogeneous and identify three key variables associated with personal and social adjustment from childhood to adolescence. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Early online date5 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • emotional health
  • peer problems
  • developmental language disorder (DLD)
  • longitudinal studies
  • developmental psychopathology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Do emotional difficulties and peer problems occur together from childhood to adolescence? The case of children with a history of developmental language disorder (DLD)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this