Do Novel Associative Word Stem Completion and Cued Recall Share the Same Memory Retrieval Processes?

P. A. Gooding, A. R. Mayes, R. Van Eijk, P. R. Meudell, F. L. MacDonald

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to determine whether word stem completion for novel associations between cue and target words was mediated by automatic unconscious memory processes or effortful memory processes under conscious control. This was done by applying full and divided attention conditions at test to stem completion, cued recall, and recognition, and by administering a questionnaire that probed the memory strategies used by subjects during the completion test. Divided attention had no effect on stem completion performance, but did reduce associative cued recall. Recognition performance was weakened overall by divided attention, but the associative effect was similar under both attention conditions. This suggested that novel associative word stem completion was mediated by automatic retrieval processes. However, the results of the questionnaire indicated that only subjects who attempted to remember the words from the study phase during the completion task showed any novel associative effect. It is concluded that novel association word stem completion and cued recall share automatic retrieval processes, which nevertheless give rise to the experience of remembering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)323-343
    Number of pages20
    JournalMemory
    Volume7
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - May 1999

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