Does previous stroke modify the relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and clinical endpoints in CKD patients?

James Tollitt, Stuart M. Allan, Rajkumar Chinnadurai, Aghogho Odudu, Margaret Hoadley, Craig Smith, Philip A. Kalra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for stroke. Stroke is also an independent risk factor for worse CKD outcomes and inflammation may contribute to this bidirectional relationship. This study aims to investigate inflammatory biomarkers in patients with non-dialysis CKD (ND-CKD) with and without stroke.

A propensity matched sample from > 3000 Salford Kidney Study (SKS) patients, differentiated by previous stroke at study recruitment, had stored plasma analyzed for interleukin- 6 (IL-6), Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Multivariable cox regression analysis investigated associations between inflammation and death, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and future non-fatal cardiovascular events (NFCVE).

A total of 157 previous stroke patients were compared against 162 non-stroke patients. There were no significant differences in inflammatory biomarkers between the two groups. Previous stroke was associated with greater mortality risk, hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) was 1.45 (1.07–1.97). Higher inflammatory biomarker concentrations were independently associated with death but not ESRD or NFCVE in the total population. For each 1 standard deviation (SD) increase in log IL-6, VWF and CRP, the HR for all-cause mortality were 1.35 (1.10–1.70), 1.26 (1.05–1.51) and 1.34 (1.12–1.61), respectively. CRP retained its independent association (HR 1.47 (1.15–1.87)) with death in the stroke population.

Previous stroke is an important determinant of mortality. However, the adverse combination of stroke and ND-CKD does not seem to be driven by higher levels of inflammation detected after the stroke event. Biomarkers of inflammation were associated with worse outcome in both stroke and non-stroke ND-CKD patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalBMC Nephrology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2022


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