Domestic or Foreign Currency? Remittances and the Composition of Deposits and Loans

Salvatore Capasso, Kyriakos Neanidis

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This paper investigates the effects of remittance receipts on the currency composition of deposits and loans in the home-country banking system. For this objective, we first develop a simple model that links remittance flows to the decisions of households and firms with regard to the optimal share of deposits and loans, respectively, held in the form of foreign currency. We, then, examine empirically the relevance of the theoretical predictions for fourteen Central and Eastern European countries over the last two decades. Both the theoretical and empirical findings underpin the importance of remittances for the currency composition of bank’s balance sheets, pointing to a mismatch between deposits and loans: remittances raise the share of foreign currency loans whilst they reduce the share of foreign currency deposits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-183
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Early online date7 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Currency mismatch
  • Foreign currency deposits
  • Foreign currency loans
  • Remittances


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