Drivers of Subsidiary Competences: The Case of Japan

Axele Giroud, Yoo Jung Ha, Kazuyuki Marukawa , Chie Iguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper addresses drivers behind whether foreign subsidiaries located in Japan possess single or multiple competences. We use an original database compiled by means of survey amongst foreign subsidiaries operating in the Japanese manufacturing sector. Results show that subsidiaries predominantly possess a sales & marketing competence, but some also have multiple competences in business functions and/or technological competences. Subsidiaries with greater autonomy, significant internal network relationships, and external business networks are more likely to demonstrate a wider range of key competences. The paper provides novel contributions, demonstrating that drivers show differences in explaining various competences, and exploring subsidiary competences in the unique Japanese host environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-75
JournalManagement International
Issue numberNumero Special
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2021


  • Japan
  • Foreign Subsidiary
  • Competences
  • Autonomy
  • Network relationships
  • Multinational enterprises


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